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                      2015年6月英語四級聽力真題及原文 第2套

                      Part II Listening Comprehension (30 minutes)

                        Section A

                        Directions: In this section, you will bear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each questions there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B),C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer sheet 1 with a single line through the center.

                        注意:此部分試題請在答題卡1上作答。

                      1. A) He is pleased to sit on the committee C) He will tell the woman his decision later

                      B) He is willing to offer the woman a hand D) He would like to become a club member

                      2. A) Their planned trip to Vancouver is obviously overpriced

                      B) They should borrow a guide book instead of buying one

                      C ) The guide books in the library have the latest information

                      D) The library can help order guide books about Vancouver

                      3. A) He regrets having taken the history course

                      B) He finds little interests in history books

                      C) He has trouble finishing his reading assignments

                      D) He has difficulty in writing the weekly book report

                      4. A) The man had better choose another restaurant

                      B) The new restaurant is a perfect place for dating

                      C) The new restaurant caught her fancy immediately

                      D) The man has good taste in choosing the restaurant

                      5. A) He has been looking forward to sping C) He will clean the woman’s boots for spring

                      C) He has been waiting for the winter sale D) He will help the woman put things away

                      6. A) At a tailor’s C) In a cloth store

                      B) At Bob’s home D) In a theatre

                      7. A) His guests favors Tibetan drinks C) Mineral water is good for health

                      B) His water is quite extraordinary D) Plain water will serve the purpose

                      8. A) Report the result of a discussion C) Submit an important documentation

                      B) Raise some environmental issues D) Revise an environmental report

                      Questions 9 to 12 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

                      9. A) They pollute the soil used to cover them

                      B) They are harmful to nearby neighborhoods

                      C) The rubbish in them takes long to dissolve

                      D) The gas they emit is extremely poisonous

                      10. A) Growing populations C) Changed eating habits

                      B) Packaging materials D) Lower production cost

                      11. A) By saving energy C) By reducing poisonous wastes

                      B) By using less aluminum D) By making the most of materials

                      12. A) We are running out of natural resources soon

                      B) Only combined efforts can make a difference

                      C) The waste problem will eventually hurt all of us

                      D) All of us can actually benefit from recycling

                      Questions 13 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

                      13. A) Miami C) Bellingham

                      B) Vancouver D) Boston

                      14. A) To get information on one-way tickets to Canada

                      B) To inquire about the price of “Super saver ” seats

                      C) To get advice on how to fly as cheaply as possible

                      D) To inquire about the shortest route to drive home

                      15. A) Join a tourist group C) Avoid trips in public holidays

                      B) Choose a major airline D) Book tickets as early as possible

                      Section B

                        Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marketed A), B),C) and D). Then marked the correspond letter on Answer sheet I with a single line through the centre.

                        注意:此部分試題請在答題卡1上作答。

                      Passage One

                      Questions 16 to 18 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

                      16. A) There are mysterious stories behind his works

                      B) There are many misunderstandings about him

                      C) His works have no match worldwide

                      d) His personal history is little known

                      17. A) He moved to Stratford-on-Avon in his childhood

                      B) He failed to go beyond grammar school

                      C) He was a member of the town council

                      D) He once worked in a well-know acting company

                      18. A) Writers of his time had no means to protect their works

                      B) Possible sources of clues about him were lost in a fire

                      C) His works were adapted beyond recognition

                      D) People of his time had little interest in him

                      Passage Two

                      Questions 19 to 21 are based on the passage you have just heard.

                      19. A) It shows you have been ignoring your health

                      B) It can seriously affect your thinking process

                      C) It is an early warning of some illness

                      D) It is a symptom of two much pressure

                      20. A) Reduce our workload C) Use painkillers for relief

                      B) Control our temper D) Avoid masking symptom

                      21. A) Lying down and having some sleep C) Going out for a walk

                      B) Rubbing and pressing one’s back D) Listening to light music

                      Passage Three

                      Questions 22 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard.

                      22. A) Depending heavily on loans C). Spending beyond one’s means

                      B) Having no budget plans at all D). Leaving no room for large bills

                      23. A) Many of them can be cut C) Their payment cannot be delayed

                      B) All of them have to be covered D) They eat up most of the family income

                      24. A) Rent a house instead of buying one C) Make a conversation plan

                      B) Discuss the problem in the family D) Move to a cheaper place

                      25. A) Financial issues plaguing a family C) Family budget problems and solutions

                      B) Difficulty in making both ends meet D) New ways to boost family income

                      Section C

                        Directions: in this section,you will hear a paasage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks with the exact words you have just heard. Finally, when the passage is reaf for the third time, you should check what you have written.

                        注意:此部分試題請在答題卡1上作答?! ?br />
                      Perhaps because going to college is so much a part of the American dream, many people go for no(26)_____reason. Some go because their parents ecpect it, others because it’s what their friends are doing.Then, there’s the belief that a college degree will(27)____ensure a good job and high pay.

                      Some students (28)____ through for years ,attending classes, or skipping(逃課) them as the case may be, reading only what can’t be avoided, looking for less(29)_____courses,and never being touched or changed in any important way. For a few of these people, college provides no(30)____,yet because of parental or peer pressure, they cannot voluntarily leave. They stop trying in the hope that their teachers will make the decision for them by(31)____ them.

                      To put it bluntly(直截了當地),unless you’re willing to make your college years count, you might be(32)_____ doing something else. Not everyone should attend college, nor should everyone who does attend begin right after high school. Many college students(33)_____ taking a year or so off. A year out in the world helps some people to(34)_____their priorities and goals. If you’re really going to get something out of going to college, you have to make it mean something, and to do that you must have some idea why you’re there, what you hope to get out of it, and (35)_____even what you hope to become.

                      Part II Listening Comprehension

                      Section A

                      Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, oneor more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation andthe questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be apause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C), and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter onAnswer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

                      Now let’s begin with the eight shortconversations.

                      1.

                      W: Tom, would you be interested in serving on the membership committee this year?

                      M: Can I get back to you on that in a few days?

                      Q: What does the man mean?

                      2.

                      W: We should buy a good guide book and study it before our trip to Vancouver.

                      M: We could. But they are overpriced. What about the library?

                      Q: What does the man mean?

                      3.

                      W: You took a history course this term, didn’t you? What can you say about it?

                      M: Well, the trouble is that I never get through the weekly reading list, though some books are quite interesting.

                      Q: What does the man mean?

                      4.

                      M: I'm taking my girlfriend to the fancy new restaurant for her birthday tonight.

                      W: I went there last weekend. I found it rather disappointing.

                      Q: What does the woman mean?

                      5.

                      W: Winter is over at last. Time to put away my gloves and boots.

                      M: I've been waiting for this for months.

                      Q: What does the man mean?

                      6.

                      M: Look, the curtain is going up slowly and all the lights over the stage are lit up.

                      W: Yeah, the play is starting. Oh, something caught my sleeve. Give me a hand please, Bob.

                      Q: Where are the speakers now?

                      7.

                      W: You only have water to serve your guests?

                      M: This isn’t just plain water. This is mineral water from Tibet.

                      Q: What does the man imply?

                      8.

                      W: When do you have time to discuss our environmental report? I think we will have to make some revisions.

                      M: I’ll be free at 3 o’clock this afternoon. But what exactly needs to be changed?

                      Q: What are the speakers going to do this afternoon?

                      Now you’ll hear the two long conversations.

                      Conversation One

                      W: Why is it important to recycle?

                      M: There are many reasons. Recycling is one way to keep waste out of landfills. Landfills are places to dump waste.

                      But they are unpopular, because they can pollute the soil used to cover them and that’s bad for people who may build new homes there.

                      Recycling also reuses valuable raw materials, such as aluminum and paper.

                      Finally, recycling can leave a lower garbage bill.

                      Recycling lowers the amount of waste put into landfills, therefore, less money is spent for garbage disposal.

                      W: How has recycling changed over the years?

                      M: Ten or twenty years ago, you could buy milk in returnable, refillable, glass bottles, and many people recycled voluntarily.

                      Now you buy milk and other products in plastic bottles or paper containers.

                      Because of the high cost of disposing of these things in landfills, many city governments now have recycling programs.

                      W: How does recycling help the environment?

                      M: Recycling helps the environment mainly by saving energy.

                      For example, it takes 95 percent less energy to produce recycled aluminum than to produce new aluminum.

                      W: Can one person really make a difference? If only a few people recycle, then what’s the point?

                      M: If not you, then who? If we combine our efforts, we can make a difference. Each of us contributes to the waste problem.

                      All the millions of tons of waste that go into landfills started as an old pair of slippers, a broken TV set, or a used magazine that came from somebody’s house—maybe yours!

                      9. Why are landfills unpopular according to the man?

                      10. What does the man say has contributed to the increasing amount of waste over the years?

                      11. According to the man, how does recycling help the environment?

                      12. Why does the man say everybody should make an effort to recycle?

                      Conversation Two

                      W: Could you please give me information on airfares from Miami to Bellingham, Washington? We’d like to buy a good flight as cheaply as possible.

                      M: Let’s see. I want to advise you to pay the normal one-way economy class fare of $555.

                      If you can fly on a Tuesday or Wednesday and buy your tickets at least 21 days in advance, I suggest you book a round-trip excursion flight.

                      W: But we may not need the return tickets.

                      M: That’s all right. Even if you don’t use them, you should be able to save $89 over the one-way fare.

                      Of course, I’d recommend early booking. You ought to try to reserve the “Super Saver” seats.

                      There are only a few of them and they are 50% cheaper than the others.

                      W: That sounds like a good idea.

                      M: Wait, to save another hundred dollars or so, why don’t you book a flight to Vancouver, Canada?

                      W: But that’s farther than where we want to go.

                      M: I know, but you can take a bus from Vancouver back to Bellingham and still save money.

                      And if you are travelling with children, you might be able to get a discount if you fly economy class. But they don’t get any discount.

                      But to take the advantage of the airline’s guarantee fare policy, you’d have to make reservations and pay for your tickets at least six weeks in advance.

                      Try and begin the search for available seats...

                      W: No, thank you.

                      M: Excuse me?

                      W: I’ll call you back if we don’t decide to drive.

                      13.Where is the woman planning to go?

                      14.What is the woman’s purpose in calling the man?

                      15.What does the man advise the woman to do?

                      Section B

                      Directions: In this section, you will hear3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Boththe passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear aquestion, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B),C), and D).Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a singleline through the centre.

                      Passage One

                      What makes a person famous? This is a mystery that many people have carefully thought about.

                      All kinds of myths surround the lives of well-known people.

                      Most people are familiar with the works of William Shakespeare, one of the greatest English writers of the 16th and 17th centuries.

                      Yet how many know Shakespeare, the person, the man behind the works?

                      After centuries of research, scholars are still trying to discover Shakespeare's personal history. It is not easily found in his writings.

                      Authors of the time could not protect their works. An acting company, for example, could change a play if they wanted to. Nowadays, writers have copyrights that protect their work.

                      Many myths arose about Shakespeare. Some said he had no formal education. Others believed that he began his career by tending the horses of wealthy men.

                      All of these myths are interesting, but are they true? Probably not.

                      Shakespeare's father was a respected man in Stratford-on-Avon, a member of the town council. He sent young William to grammar school.

                      Most people of Elizabethan times did not continue beyond grammar school; so, Shakespeare did have, at least, an average education.

                      Some parts of Shakespeare's life will always remain unknown.

                      The Great London Fire of 1666 burned many important documents that could have been a source of clues.

                      We will always be left with many questions and few facts.

                      16. What does the speaker say about William Shakespeare?

                      17. What do we learn about Shakespeare's father?

                      18. Why does the speaker say parts of Shakespeare's life will remain a mystery?

                      Passage Two

                      Almost everyone suffers from a headache occasionally. But some people suffer from repeated, frequent headaches.

                      A headache is important because it can be the first warning of a serious condition that could probably be controlled if discovered early.

                      If a person removes the warning, day after day, with a pain-killer, he or she may pass the point of easy control.

                      The professional name for covering up a symptom is “masking.”

                      A headache specialist once said, “Masking symptoms is not the best way of treatment. Sometimes it is wiser to stand still than to advance in darkness.”

                      A headache often interferes needlessly with normal, happy living.

                      The employee with a headache does less work.

                      In a flash of temper he or she may upset fellow workers or customers, causing a direct or indirect loss to the organization.

                      The mother with a headache suffers and disturbs the family. She upsets her husband and children.

                      Rest, quiet and fresh air stop many common headaches. Lying down and possibly falling asleep may help.

                      One can often handle tension headaches by rubbing and pressing back neck muscles.

                      Heat from an electric pad or a warm bath can also help.

                      Because hunger may be overlooked as a headache source, one must make a habit of regular meals.

                      If a meal must be postponed for more than an hour, a snack helps to avoid a hunger headache.

                      19. Why does the speaker say a headache is important?

                      20. What do specialists suggest we do with headaches?

                      21. What does the speaker say helps relieve the symptoms of common headaches?

                      Passage Three

                      If your paycheck seems to be disappearing into thin air, you may be stuck in money traps.

                      But don’t despair. Most people can get unstuck without going bankrupt.

                      The biggest budget mistake is no budget at all.

                      As one reader put it, “we just put all the bills in a pile, and try to decide which to pay.

                      As she and others have learned, however, the money usually runs out before the bills do.

                      The same problem plagues many who do have budget.

                      In letter after letter we read, “It looks good on paper, but it never seems to work.” Why not?

                      Often because the budgets are unrealistic.

                      The solution: make a detailed record of where all your money goes now; then study it carefully.

                      Look for expenses that can be cut back. And don’t give up in the face of high fixed expenses. Many of these can be reduced too.

                      In fact, it’s often easier to save on essentials than on enjoyable extras.

                      If housing takes more than 25 percent of your income, for example, consider moving to a cheaper place, or renting out an extra room.

                      If utility bills are high, get the whole family involved in a conservation plan.

                      Some bills can be eliminated altogether.

                      When one mother realized that cable TV was costing her $500 a year, she decided that network TV wasn’t so bad.

                      If you question every expense, you can find a few that can be reduced.

                      22. What does the speaker say is the biggest budget mistake?

                      23. What does the speaker say about the so-called fixed expenses?

                      24. What does the speaker suggest people do to save housing expenses?

                      25. What is mainly discussed in the talk?

                      Section C

                      Directions: In this section, you will heara passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the secondtime, you are required to fill in the blanks with the exact words you have justheard. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should checkwhat you have written.

                      Now listen to the passage.

                      Perhaps because going to college is so much a part of the American dream, many people go for no particular reason.

                      Some go because their parents expect it, others because it’s what their friends are doing.

                      Then, there’s the belief that a college degree will automatically ensure a good job and high pay.

                      Some students drag through four years, attending classes, or skipping them as the case may be,

                      reading only what can’t be avoided, looking for less demanding courses, and never being touched or changed in any important way.

                      For a few of these people, college provides no satisfaction, yet because of parental or peer pressure, they cannot voluntarily leave.

                      They stop trying in the hope that their teachers will make the decision for them by failing them.

                      To put it bluntly, unless you’re willing to make your college years count, you might be better off doing something else.

                      Not everyone should attend college, nor should everyone who does attend begin right after high school.

                      Many college students profit from taking a year or so off.

                      A year out in the world helps some people to sort out their priorities and goals.

                      If you’re really going to get something out of going to college, you have to make it mean something,

                      and to do that you must have some idea why you’re there, what you hope to get out of it, and probably even what you hope to become.
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